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Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide
蛋白石模式 - 终极指南
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Opal Patterns - The Ultimate GuideThe Opal is considered the Queen of all gemstones, and some say it’s the King of all gemstones too. What makes opals so unique in the gemstone world is that it is rare to find quality opals with the same exact color and with incredible patterns like opal. There is scientific research on how these patterns are formed but the Opal is so complicated that no one has figured it out yet. I’m sure our readers would prefer to read about beautiful patterns that are formed in opals and we can touch on how these patterns are formed later.

By far the most prized and rare pattern is the true Harlequin opal. This pattern is extremely rare and we use the terminology of true pattern, as some opals might just have one or two shapes like harlequin pattern but only in a small area.

How Rare is Harlequin Pattern Opal?

Most opal miners at Lightning Ridge will never mine or dig out a Harlequin pattern opal in their life! Red on black is the rarest and most expensive color so when these colors are combined with the Harlequin pattern it is a truly amazing stone.

Opal miners at Lightning Ridge must shift over a tonne of dirt on average to find one single Opal. To find a Harlequin pattern Opal, thousands of tonnes of dirt need to moved.

To date we have never seen a Boulder Opal that has a a true Harlequin pattern.

Only a few Ethiopian opals have had a true Harlequin pattern.  

What is a harlequin pattern opal?

This unique opal has contracting elongated squares or diamond shapes that repeat in the pattern. It is very rare to find in nature.

Classes of harlequin patterns include 

  • Peacock Harlequin
  • Hexagonal Harlequin
  • Flagstone Harlequin
  • Checkerboard Harlequin

List Of Opal Patterns With Pictures

With other opal patterns there is more flexibility when it comes to definition. Some opals may have two or more patterns or colors ,so there are no exact wording for opals with combination of patterns .

Some names can be very Creative when the owner falls in love with their opal. We have included the following images as good examples of each pattern in alphabetical order 

Bamboo Leaf Pattern

Bright Veins of color like bamboo shoots that can be formed naturally in potch or full opal 

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Block Pattern

Large patterns form square, rectangular or freeform shapes that cover majority of the opal

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Broad flash

This pattern has large flashes of color that are predominant in the opal

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Cats eye

Rolling cats eye pattern is rare, as the opal must have a high cabochon shape. The flash of color will form a thin line scross the Opal when it is rotated

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Cathedral Pattern

Rare pattern in Boulder opal and mostly formed by wood or vegetation matter 

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Chaff Pattern

These are lines that look like straw storks as chaff lines in different directions  

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Chinese Writing

As the name suggests these opals have what looks like Chinese writing and are in natural formations

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Dragon Skin

This description is used with Ethiopian and Boulder opals with pattern like snake skin. 

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Floral Pattern

Described with flowing patterns like flowers and is mostly multiple colors like a flower patch

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Fern Pattern

 Formation like plant ferns with prongs from central stork

  Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Feather Pattern

Similar pattern to peacock feathers. Feather pattern starting at central position radiating out as feathers

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Honeycomb

This is one of the top sought after patterns for Ethiopian opals and the shape and size can vary greatly in the honeycomb pattern. It looks like a bee hive and mostly hexagonal shapes with seamless pattern 

  Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Mackerel Pattern

Beautiful rare rolling patterns as in mackerel fish that rolls and twists. Ribbon mackerel is a flowing connected pattern like mackerel

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Galaxy Pattern

Similar pattern to images of constellations with small bright colour hues.

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Neon Flash

This must have top brightest of B1 to be considered neon, so it is a rare flash pattern that covers the whole opal

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Patchwork

As the name suggests it is multiple patterns in the one opal and are closely related patterns that resemble quilt designs

  Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Pinfire

Small bright patterns of mostly different colors. It can also be the same color as small pin headed dots that have a columnar structure. The pattern is visible from all directions.

  Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Puzzle Pattern

Used on Ethiopian opal to describe a mixture of patterns that complement each other to fit just like jigsaw puzzles

  Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Ribbon Pattern

This formation is like rolls of ribbons formed on opal in different colours 

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Skin2skin

Skin to skin is the term used in Brazil where crystal opal is sold on top as the bottom and can be clear or with potch. In Australia it refers more to rough opal that displays predominately opal more than potch

  Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Snake Skin

This description is used to describe pattern on Ethiopian opals like snake. Boulder opal can also have snake skin pattern but is rare

Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Jigsaw Pattern

Is used for top black opals with incredible colours with no systematic pattern.

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Sheen Pattern

This is considered an over similar matching pattern of all equal colour with no distinct pattern

Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Spider Web

This pattern looks like spider webs and is white potch lines in the opal or can be colored veins also

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Star Dust Pattern

Small patterns like galaxy of stars

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Veined Patterns

Several veins of similar or different colours in horizontal or vertical lines, commonly used in boulder opal

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

NAMES RELATING TO COLOR OF THE OPAL, MORE THAN PATTERN

In the opal industry, you will hear these words spoken to describe an opal. 

Multi fire

There are two or more colors that complement each other, can be directional or flashy.  Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Pastel Red

Or Pastel Pink. This color can be soft red colour to pinkish colours Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Picture Stone

Some stones have mixed formation and sometimes an image or landscape scenes can be seen in the opal

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Double Sided Colour

Different colours on both sides

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Black Crystal

These opals are formed mostly as pure crystal opal with no or little potch but have dark body tone N1. Most crystal opals have body tone N5 to N7 so it is rare to have dark body tone in crystal opals

  

Saturated

Many miners use this terminology, if the opal is full Color or pattern

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Dark Opal

This can refer to semi black opals from Lighting Ridge to dark colored Ethiopian opal. As Ethiopian opals have not been classified as black by gemmological associations.

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Painted Lady

These opals are from Andamooka and are natural, they are not hand painted

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Palette Opal

This has been used as colour but it actually refers to shape of the opal as in an artists palette

Smoked Black

This term describes Ethiopian crystal opal that has been treated, commonly known as smoked opal

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Electric Blue

This formation describes colour brighter than normal sea blue.

 Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Fingerprint Pattern

This pattern is very rare. We have only ever seen it on one Mexican Opal Opal Patterns - The Ultimate Guide

Flash Fire

This is not a pattern but shows strong fire colours when the opal is moved. 

Directional

This formation means the opal only faces strong fire when in a certain position, so these opals are ideal for pendants

Rolling Flash

This describes how the colors can be visible when you move the opal. A pattern would be Rolling broad flash pattern 

Transparency

This relates to crystal opal and can be semi-transparent

Common Opal

Very basic with little colour or pattern, low grade. 

Cherry Opal

Some Mexican opals have cherry colour and is creative description for this opal. 

Lemon Opal

This opal displays lemon hues and is mostly found in crystal opals. 

Milky opal

Milky Opal is coined for a milky white Common Opal and used mostly in South Australian opals. 

Rainbow Opal

Precious Opal where the play of colour is seen in curved bands, like a rainbow. 

How Are Patterns Formed In Opals?

Sometimes potch lines can make unique patterns such as those discussed above. These potch lines can even divide two distinct colours or can make pattern in opal that has predominantly one colour. Opal is formed and composed of minute silica in sphere pattern and these are arranged in a 3-dimensional grid. It’s the spaces between the spheres and size that helps diffraction, and affect the colour and pattern so the size of the sphere is paramount for a good pattern.

What is Diffraction?

Diffraction and refraction both mean the bending of light. Diffraction is blending out of bands of different wave lengths of a beam of light or the scattering of light. The pattern’s  shape does greatly affect the price of an opal in rarity and the top values are mostly Harlequin, mackerel, chaff, rolling cats eye.

SHOP FOR OPAL

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南蛋白石被认为是所有宝石的女王,有人说它也是所有宝石的王者。蛋白石在宝石世界中如此独特的原因在于,很难找到具有相同颜色和蛋白石等令人难以置信的图案的优质蛋白石。有关如何形成这些模式的科学研究,但蛋白石是如此复杂,以至于还没有人想到它。我相信我们的读者更愿意阅读蛋白石中形成的美丽图案,我们可以触及这些图案后来如何形成。

到目前为止,最珍贵和罕见的模式是真正的Harlequin蛋白石 。这种模式非常罕见,我们使用真实模式的术语,因为一些蛋白石可能只有一个或两个形状,如丑角图案,但只在一个小区域。

Harlequin Pattern Opal有多罕见?

Lightning Ridge的大多数蛋白石矿工都不会在他们的生活中挖掘或挖掘出一种丑角图案蛋白石!黑色的红色是最稀有和最昂贵的颜色,所以当这些颜色与丑角图案相结合时,它是一块真正令人惊叹的石头。

Lightning Ridge的蛋白石矿工平均必须转移一吨污垢才能找到一个蛋白石。要找到一个丑角图案蛋白石,需要移动数千吨的污垢。

到目前为止,我们从未见过具有真正丑角图案的博尔德蛋白石。

只有少数埃塞俄比亚蛋白石具有真正的丑角模式。

什么是丑角图案蛋白石?

这种独特的蛋白石具有收缩细长方形或菱形形状,在图案中重复出现。在自然界中很难找到。

丑角图案的类别包括

  • 孔雀丑角
  • 六角小丑
  • 石板丑角
  • 棋盘丑角

与图片的蛋白石样式名单

对于其他蛋白石模式,在定义方面有更多的灵活性。一些蛋白石可能有两种或更多种图案或颜色,因此对于具有图案组合的蛋白石没有确切的措辞。

当主人爱上他们的蛋白石时,一些名字可能非常有创意。我们已经按照字母顺序将以下图像作为每个模式的良好示例

竹叶图案

明亮的颜色像竹笋,可以在potch或全蛋白石中自然形成

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

块模式

大图案形成方形,矩形或自由形状,覆盖大部分蛋白石

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

广泛的闪光

这种图案具有大的闪光颜色,在蛋白石中占主导地位

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

猫眼

滚动猫眼图案很少见,因为蛋白石必须具有高凸圆形状。当蛋白石旋转时,颜色的闪烁会在蛋白石上形成一条细线

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

大教堂模式

博尔德蛋白石中的稀有花纹,主要由木材或植被形成

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

箔条模式

这些线条看起来像稻草鹳,是不同方向的箔条线

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

中文写作

顾名思义,这些蛋白石看起来像中国文字,并且是自然形态

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

龙皮

这种描述与埃塞俄比亚和博尔德蛋白石一起使用,具有像蛇皮一样的图案。

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

花卉图案

描述了像花朵一样的流动图案,并且大多是多种颜色,如花朵贴片

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

蕨图案

形成像植物蕨类植物与中央鹳的尖头

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

羽毛图案

类似于孔雀羽毛的图案。从中心位置开始的羽毛图案作为羽毛辐射出来

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

蜂窝

这是埃塞俄比亚蛋白石最受追捧的图案之一,其形状和大小在蜂窝状图案中可能有很大差异。它看起来像一个蜂巢,大多是六角形的无缝模式

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

鲭鱼图案

美丽的稀有滚动模式,如鲭鱼鱼卷和扭曲。丝带鲭鱼是一种流动的连接图案,如鲭鱼

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

银河模式

与具有小亮色调的星座图像相似的图案。

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

霓虹闪光

这必须具有最亮的B1才能被视为霓虹灯,因此它是一种罕见的闪光模式,覆盖整个蛋白石

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

拼凑物

顾名思义,它是一种蛋白石中的多种图案,并且是与被子设计相似的密切相关的图案

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

Pinfire

小明亮的图案,大多是不同的颜色。它也可以是具有柱状结构的小针头点的相同颜色。从各个方向都可以看到图案。

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

拼图模式

用于埃塞俄比亚蛋白石描述混合模式,相互补充,就像拼图一样

  蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

丝带图案

这种形成就像在不同颜色的蛋白石上形成的丝带卷

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

Skin2skin

皮肤到皮肤是巴西使用的术语,其中水晶蛋白石作为底部在顶部出售,可以是透明的或带有potch。在澳大利亚,它更多地指粗糙蛋白石,主要显示蛋白石比potch更多

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

蛇皮

这个描述用于描述像蛇一样的埃塞俄比亚蛋白石上的图案。博尔德蛋白石也可以有蛇皮纹,但很少见

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

拼图模式

用于顶级黑色蛋白石,具有令人难以置信的颜色,没有系统的图案。

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

光泽模式

这被认为是所有相同颜色的相似匹配模式,没有明显的模式

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

蜘蛛网

这种图案看起来像蜘蛛网,在蛋白石中是白色的potch线,也可以是彩色的纹理

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

星尘模式

像星系一样的小图案

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

纹理模式

在水平或垂直线上有几种相似或不同颜色的静脉,通常用于巨石蛋白石

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

与OPAL颜色有关的名称,不仅仅是模式

在蛋白石行业,你会听到这些用来描述蛋白石的单词。

多火

有两种或多种颜色相互补充,可以是定向的或华丽的。 蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

淡红色

或粉红色粉红色。这种颜色可以是柔和的红色到粉红色蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

图片石头

有些石头混合形成,有时在蛋白石中可以看到图像或景观场景

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

双面颜色

两边有不同的颜色

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

黑水晶

这些蛋白石主要由纯水晶蛋白石组成,没有或很少有人,但身体色调为N1。大多数水晶蛋白石的体色为N5至N7,因此在水晶蛋白石中很少有暗色调

饱和的

如果蛋白石是完整的颜色或图案,许多矿工使用这个术语

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

黑暗蛋白石

这可以指从Lighting Ridge到深色埃塞俄比亚蛋白石的半黑蛋白石。由于埃塞俄比亚蛋白石未被宝石学协会列为黑色。

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

彩绘女士

这些蛋白石来自Andamooka并且是天然的,它们不是手绘的

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

调色板蛋白石

这已被用作颜色,但它实际上是指艺术家调色板中的蛋白石的形状

熏黑

该术语描述了经过处理的埃塞俄比亚水晶蛋白石,通常称为烟熏蛋白石

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

电蓝

这种形成描述的颜色比正常的海蓝色更亮。

蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

指纹图案

这种模式非常罕见。我们只见过一个墨西哥蛋白石蛋白石模式 - 终极指南

闪火

这不是一种模式,但在蛋白石移动时会显示出强烈的火色。

定向

这种形成意味着蛋白石在某个位置时只会面临强烈的火焰,所以这些蛋白石是垂饰的理想选择

滚动Flash

这描述了移动蛋白石时颜色的可见性。一种模式将是滚动广泛的闪光模式

透明度

这涉及水晶蛋白石并且可以是半透明的

普通蛋白石

非常基本,颜色或图案很少,品位低。

樱桃蛋白石

一些墨西哥蛋白石有樱桃色,是这种蛋白石的创意描述。

柠檬蛋白石

这种蛋白石呈现柠檬色,主要存在于水晶蛋白石中。

乳白蛋白石

Milky Opal是一种乳白色的普通蛋白石,主要用于南澳大利亚蛋白石。

彩虹蛋白石

珍贵的蛋白石,在彩色的弯曲带中看到色彩的发挥。

蛋白石中的图案是如何形成的?

有时,potch线可以制作独特的图案,例如上面讨论过的图案。这些potch线甚至可以划分两种不同的颜色,或者可以在蛋白石中制作主要具有一种颜色的图案。蛋白石由球形图案中的微小二氧化硅形成并且以三维网格排列。它是球体和尺寸之间的空间,有助于衍射,并影响颜色和图案,因此球体的大小对于良好的图案至关重要。

什么是衍射?

衍射和折射都意味着光的弯曲。衍射是从不同波长的光束或光的散射中混合出来的。图案的形状确实极大地影响了蛋白石的价格,最重要的价值主要是丑角,鲭鱼,谷壳,滚动猫眼。

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