处理中...
Glossary Of Opal Terms
蛋白石术语词汇表
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处理中...

opal glossry termsWhen it comes to talking about Opals there are some terms that might seem a bit strange. Ratters, Nobbys and Tailings are all part of the vocabulary of Opal. In this document we will outline a lit f the most common terms used by the Opal industry.

  • Agate Opal. Banded variety of Opal.
  • Amatite. Opal in the form of thick mounds, formed from hot silica-rich springs. See also Geyserite.
  • Amber Opal. Opal with a brownish to yellowish background colour, resembling Amber.
  • Andamooka Opal. Opal from Andamooka, South Australia.
  • Banded Opal. Form of common opal with colour bands. Synonym of Agate Opal.
  • Bandfire Opal. Precious Opal with play of colours in wavy bands.
  • Black Opal Body tone N1 to N4
  • Black Opal. Precious Opal with a black, dark blue, dark green, dark grey or similar darkly coloured background or base colour. Black Opal is the most valuable form of Opal mined in Lightning Ridge
  • Bone Opal. Opal pseudomorph after a bone.
  • Boulder Opal. Precious Opal from Queensland, Australia, found in the cracks of, or as coatings on, ironstone or sandstone boulders.
  • Cachalong Opal. Opaque, highly porous type of Common Opal.
  • Cherry Opal. Orange-red to bright red variety of Mexican Fire Opal.
  • Chinese writing. Type of opal pattern with criss crossed strokes of colour looking like oriental letters.
  • Chloropal. Common Opal similar to Prase Opal, but with a lighter green hue.
  • Chrysopal. Common Opal similar to Prase Opal, but with a golden-green colour.
  • Claro Opal. Transparent Precious Opal from Mexico with an intense red, green, blue, and yellow play of colour.
  • Common Opal. Any Opal lacking play of colour.
  • Contra Luz Opal. Precious Opal where the play of colour is visible only when a light source is behind the stone.
  • Coober Pedy Opal. High quality Precious Opal from Coober Pedy, South Australia.
  • Crystal Opal. Transparent to translucent Precious Opal where play of colour is visible on the surface and in the interior of the stone.
  • Dark Opal. Synonym of Black Opal.
  • Diatomite. Opal replacement of microscopic shells of diatoms (type of microscopic organism) clustered together. It is white, opaque, and chalky in texture. Synonym of Tripolite, Fuller’s Earth, and Diatomaceous Opal.
  • Ethiopian opal form welo and Gondar, newly discovered opal fields direct from opal wholesalers and miners
  • Fire Opal. Fire Opal is incorrectly used to describe Precious Opal, or Opal with play of colour. The true definition of Fire Opal is Opal with an orange to red colour. If the Fire Opal displays play of colour, it is more correctly known as Precious Fire Opal.
  • Flame Opal. Precious Opal where the play of colour consists of red streaks or bands that flicker like a flame when the stone is rotated.
  • Flash Opal. Precious Opal with large schillers that abruptly appear and disappear as the stone is rotated.
  • Flashfire Opal. Synonym of Flash Opal (above)
  • Fossil Opal. Opal pseudomorph of organic matter such as shell, bone, and trees.
  • Free-form. A naturally shaped opal - something other than an oval or round shape.
  • Gelite. Opal (or Chalcedony) as an accessory mineral that acts as the bonding agent of Sandstone or other cemented rock fragments.
  • Geyserite. Opal formed from deposition of hot water springs. Also called Perlite, Fiorite, or Geyser Opal. See also Amatite.
  • Gilson Opal. Synthetically produced Opal.
  • Girasol. Yellow or orange variety of Precious Opal in which the play of colour seems to follow the sun as the stone is rotated.
  • Glass Opal. Synonym of Hyalite
  • Gold Opal. Common Opal with a golden hue.
  • Gondor opal from Gondor Ethiopia
  • Harlequin Opal. Precious Opal in which the play of colour is arranged in a consistent harlequin, diamond-shaped, or rectangular-shaped pattern that is very vivid. Harlequin Opal is one of the rarest and most prized forms of Opal.
  • Honey Opal. Transparent to translucent Opal with an orange to orange-brown, honey-coloured background. It may or may not display play of colour.
  • Hungarian Opal. Any Precious Opal from Europe. However, nowadays this term often refers to any White Opal, regardless of where it was found.
  • Hyacinth Opal. Synonym of Girasol
  • Hyalite. Colourless, misty-blue, or sky-blue transparent variety of Common Opal. Usually forms botryoidal masses as well as strange and unusual forms. All Hyalite fluoresces green.
  • Hydrophane. White, opaque, highly porous Opal, that, when placed in water, allows the water to seep into it. This causes the stone to become transparent and almost invisible while in the water.
  • Iridot. Old name given to Opal for a short period of time when Opal had a reputation of causing bad luck.
  • Isopyre. Impure, dark red form of Opal. Isopyre was once thought to be a separate mineral.
  • Jasper Opal. Brecciated Jasper in which the cementing material is Opal.
  • Jelly Opal. A transparent Precious Opal with a gelatinous appearance and a bluish sheen. Jelly Opal may also refer to a colourless, transparent Common Opal.
  • Lechosos Opal. Precious Opal with a milky-white background colour displaying a strong play of colour. May also refer to Opal with a strong green schiller.
  • Lemon Opal. Common Opal with a lemon-yellow colour.
  • Levin Opal. Precious Opal with long and thin, lightning-like flashes.
  • Light Opal. Synonym of White Opal.
  • Lightning Ridge Opal. Opal from Lightning Ridge, New South Wales Australia. Although different forms of Opal are found there, this term usually represents the high quality Black Opal found there.
  • Lithoxyl Opal. Wood Opal where the original structure of the tree is very apparent.
  • Liver Opal. Synonym of Menilite (below)
  • Menilite. Opaque, greyish-brown form of Common Opal. Also known as Liver Opal.
  • Mexican Fire Opal. Form of transparent Opal from Mexico, usually with an orange or red colour, highly desired as a gem. Although scientifically considered a Common Opal, it is rather rare and much sought after. If it exhibits a play of colour, it is known as Precious Fire Opal.
  • Milk Opal. Opal with a milky-white colour. Controversy exists whether the name Milky Opal is coined for a milky white Common Opal or a milky white Precious Opal.
  • Moss Opal. Common Opal containing inclusions resembling moss.
  • Mother of Opal. Precious Opal with bright colour specks filling the pores of sandstone or ironstone.
  • Mother of Pearl Opal. Banded Opal used as cameos.
  • Mountain Opal. Opal from igneous environments. Also called Volcanic Opal.
  • Neslite. Common Opal similar to Menilite, but darker grey in colour. It was once a popular material for sword handles.
  • Nevada Opal. Opal from the Virgin Valley (Humboldt Co.), Nevada.
  • Onyx Opal. Common Opal resembling banded Onyx.
  • Opal Matrix. Thin layer of Precious Opal on host rock. Small rock fragments are used in jewellery.
  • Opaline. Opaline is synonymous with Opal Matrix (above), but was also an old term used to describe Opal from Australia.
  • Opalite. Opalite has many connotations. It may refer to an impure form of Opal Myrickite black glass. A yellow-green Common Opal with black inclusions an imitation Opal produced from resin
  • Opalized Bone. Synonym of Bone Opal
  • Opalized Fossil. Synonym of Fossil Opal
  • Opalized Shell. Synonym of Shell Opal
  • Opalized Wood. Synonym of Wood Opal
  • Painted Boulder. Sandstone boulders with a coating of Precious Opal. When used in jewellery, this term is synonymous with Opal Matrix.
  • Parcel. A collection of any number of opals, either rough, rubs or cut, offered for sale.
  • Pearl Opal. Synonym of Tabasheer
  • Pineapple Opal. Opal pseudomorph after Ikaite that resembles a pineapple. It is found only in White Cliffs (New South Wales), Australia. The pseudomorphed mineral was originally thought to be Glauberite, but studies now prove it to be Ikaite.
  • Pinfire Opal. Precious Opal with very small, pinhead-size colour flashes.
  • Pinpoint Opal. Australian synonym of Pinfire Opal
  • Pipe Opal. Opal formed as a filling of long, cylindrical cavities in rock. Pipe Opals range in size from several inches to many feet.
  • Pitch Opal. Yellow to brown Common Opal with a pitchy lustre.
  • Potch. Australian term for Common Opal.
  • Prase Opal. Green to dark green form of Common Opal.
  • Precious Fire Opal. Fire Opal displaying play of colour.
  • Precious Opal. Any Opal exhibiting a play of colour.
  • Prime d’Opal. Synonym of Mother of Opal
  • Pyrophane. Precious Opal in which the play of colour wanders about and reappears at random. This term is sometimes incorrectly used to describe Girasol.
  • Queensland Opal. Synonym of Boulder Opal
  • Quinzite Opal. Rose to pink coloured Opal. It is usually without play of colour, but a few examples displaying play of colour are known. Quinzite Opal is synonymous with Quinzite, Quincite, Quincite Opal, and Rose Opal.
  • Radiolite Opal. Common Opal of a smoky-brown colour caused by inclusions of the exoskeletons of a unicellular marine organism known as radiolaria. May also be called Radio Opal.
  • Rainbow Opal. Precious Opal where the play of colour is seen in curved bands, somewhat resembling a rainbow.
  • Red Flash Opal. Precious Opal with red colour flashes that swiftly appear and disappear as the stone is rotated.
  • Resin Opal. Common Opal with a yellow-brown colour and resinous lustre.
  • Ribbon. Type of opal pattern with the colour running in stripes.
  • Rough. Opal in its natural state; as it comes out of the ground .
  • Rumanite. Opal from Romania.
  • Seam Opal. Opal found in the seams or large cracks of rock. May also specifically refer to masses of white Common Opal containing bands of precious White Opal.
  • Semi Black opal. Body tone below N4 grey based Lighting ridge opal.
  • Semiopal. Term sometimes used to describe any type of Common Opal, but many times alludes to particular forms of Common Opal, such as Wax Opal, Prase Opal, etc. Semiopal is also written as Semi-opal, and is synonymous with Half-opal.
  • Shell Opal. Opal pseudomorph after a shell.
  • Slocum Stone. A synthetically grown Opal. Also called Slocum Opal.
  • Sun Opal. Name that describes several types of Opal. May refer to Fire Opal, Mexican Fire Opal, Honey Opal, or Amber Opal.
  • Sunflash. Opal showing colour only from certain angles when exposed in light.
  • Tabasheer. Opal occurring as an organic by product. It forms by the hardening of a secretion issued from certain bamboo, forming a porous, rounded mass of Opal.
  • Virgin Valley Opal. Opal from the Virgin Valley (Humboldt Co.), Nevada.
  • Wash Opal. Waterworn Opal pebbles from alluvial deposits.
  • Water Opal. Synonym of Jelly Opal
  • Wax Opal. Yellow to brown Common Opal with a waxy lustre.
  • Welo Opal from Wello Etyhiopia
  • White Cliffs Opal. Opal from the White Cliffs, New South Wales, Australia
  • White Opal. Precious Opal with light body colours (white, yellow, cream, etc.). Differentiated from Black Opal, which has a dark background colour.
  • Wood Opal. Any Opal that formed a pseudomorph after wood from a tree, and retains the original shape and appearance of the wood. Wood Opal may refer to both Common Opal and Precious Opal, but the term usually refers to large pieces of Common Opal.
  • Yowah Nut. Small, rounded form of Boulder Opal from Yowah (Queensland), Australia in a nodules embedded in ironstone. Closely related to Boulder Opal, it occurs most often as walnut-sized ironstone nodules containing pockets, veining, or sprinklings of vivid Precious Opal.

ratters are opal thiefs

Glossary of Opal Terms

  • Amorphous. Shapeless. Not consisting of crystals. Non-crystalline. Glass is amorphous. Sugar is crystalline.
  • Deflection. The bending of rays of light from a straight line.
  • Diffraction. The Breaking up of a ray of light into either a series of light and dark bands or into coloured bands of the spectrum.
  • Diffuse. To spread out so as to cover a larger space or surface. To scatter.
  • Fluorescent. A light produced by the electrical stimulation of a gas or vapour. Fluorescent lights have a similar effect on opal as a bright cloudy day—they do not properly bring out the colours in opal .
  • Hydrate. A compound produced when certain substances chemically combine with water.
  • Incandescent. Glowing with heat (red or white-hot) as in a light bulb which glows white hot, but produces a light that more closely simulates natural sunlight. Sunlight and incandescent lights bring out the natural colours in opal.
  • Opal. Opal comes from the Latin word opalus, which means to see a change in colour. Chemically, opal is hydrated silica, similar to quartz.
  • Opalescence. A play of colour similar to that of an opal Opaque. Not allowing light to pass through. The opposite of transparent.
  • Play of Colour. The way in which colours change as an opal is tilted in different directions.
  • Silica. (Silicon Dioxide) A hard, white or colourless substance, that in the form of quartz, enters into the composition of many rocks and is contained in sponges and certain plants. The needle in the mouth of a female mosquito is made of silica. Flint, sand, chalcedony, and opal are examples of silica in different forms.
  • Spectrum. The band of colours formed when a beam of white light passes through a prism or by some other means (e.g. mist or spray, in the case of a rainbow) The full range of spectrum colours are: red, orange, yellow, green blue, indigo, and violet.
  • Sphere. A round three-dimensional geometric shape whose surface is equally distant at all points from the centre point.
  • Translucent. Letting light through without being transparent.
  • Transparent. Easily seen through. (Glass like)

General Glossary

  • Amorphous - Having no definite form.
  • Black Opal - Rare form of mineral opal found only in Australia.
  • Cabochon - A gem or bead cut in convex form and highly polished but not faceted. Also, this style of cutting.
  • Crazing - Tiny cracks on the surface.
  • Crystal Opal - Transparent with flashes. Highly valued due to the brilliance of its colours and the fact that many layers of colour within the stone can also be seen.
  • Crystalline - Composed of or resembling crystals.
  • Direction - A measure of opal value.
  • Dopping - Attaching a gem to a wooden extension by means of adhesive wax in order to polish or facet the stone with greater ease.
  • Doublet - A manufactured opal gem consisting of two layers: Opal and obsidian or ironstone.
  • Fire (or pinfire) - A measure of an opal’s colour or iridescence.
  • Fire Opal - A translucent or transparent mineral opal found mainly in Mexico.
  • Geothermal - Of or relating to the heat of the Earth’s interior.
  • Mohs Scale - A scale of hardness for minerals in which 1 represents the hardness of talc and 10 (sometimes 15) represents the hardness of diamond.
  • Organic Opal - An opal formed from the chemical petrifying of organic materials such as wood or seashells.
  • Potch - Crusty mineral coating on naturally occurring opals.
  • Quartz - A mineral SiO2, silicon dioxide, that occurs in crystals or crystalline masses.
  • Silica - A mineral SiO2, silicon dioxide, that occurs in crystalline or amorphous masses.
  • Synthetic Opal - man-made gem opal.
  • Triplet - A manufactured opal gem consisting of three layers: Clear quartz, opal, and obsidian or ironstone.
  • White Opal - common form of gem quality opal, usually white or milky white in colour with bright pinfire flashes.

Opal Terms Used By Miners

  • Agitator. Modified cement mixer used to wash dirt away from precious opal (see photo above.)
  • Blower. A large truck-mounted vacuum cleaner used to suck dirt to the surface.
  • Drive. A horizontal underground tunnel.
  • Gouge. Mine slowly with a pick, nowadays usually only when opal is known to be present.
  • Hoist. A bucket attached to a framework in a shaft, used to carry dirt to the surface.
  • Level. Usually the layer of opal bearing dirt.
  • Muggie. A cheap solid opal, having little colour or brightness.
  • Mullock heap. Mound of opal dirt dumped by a miner on the surface.
  • Nobby. Nodule of opal almost exclusively from Lightning Ridge.
  • Puddler. Forerunner of the agitator, a mesh drum.
  • Ratter/ratting. Thief/thieving from someone else’s mine (a serious offence).
  • Rubs. Opal pieces initially shaped with waste material/sand removed but not yet cut and polished.
  • Rumbler. Revolving mesh drum to sort opal from dirt, now superseded by the agitator.
  • Shaft. A vertical hole down to a mine.
  • Solid. A naturally occurring solid piece of opal, cut into a stone.
  • Specking. Searching through abandoned heaps of opal dirt – also called noodling.
  • Tail out. Search through tailings.
  • Tailings. Material left after opal dirt from the mine has been washed.
  • Tank. Dam of water on which agitators are located.
  • Windlass. Forerunner of the hoist – hand operated device for raising buckets of opal dirt to the surface by means of a cable around a drum with handles.

蛋白石条纹术语谈论蛋白石时,有些术语看起来有点奇怪。鸦片,诺贝布和尾巴都是蛋白石词汇的一部分。在本文档中,我们将概述Opal行业最常用的术语。

  • 玛瑙蛋白石各种蛋白石。
  • Amatite。蛋白石以厚厚的土堆的形式形成,由热的富含二氧化硅的弹簧形成。另见Geyserite。
  • 琥珀蛋白石蛋黄石具有棕色至黄色的背景颜色,类似于琥珀。
  • Andamooka蛋白石来自南澳大利亚Andamooka的蛋白石。
  • 带状蛋白石普通蛋白石与色带的形式。玛瑙蛋白石的同义词
  • 带火蛋白石宝贝蛋白石与波浪条纹中的颜色。
  • 黑蛋白石体音N1至N4
  • 黑蛋白石珍贵的蛋白石,黑色,深蓝色,深绿色,深灰色或类似的深色背景或基色。黑蛋白石是闪电岭中最宝贵的蛋白石形式
  • 骨蛋白石蛋白石假骨后骨。
  • 巨石蛋白石澳大利亚昆士兰州的宝石蛋白石被发现在铁石或砂岩巨石的裂缝或作为涂层。
  • Cachalong蛋白石不透明,高度多孔的普通蛋白石。
  • 樱桃蛋白石橙红色到明亮的红色各种墨西哥火蛋白石。
  • 中文写作。类型的蛋白石图案与交叉的笔画的颜色看起来像东方的字母。
  • Chloropal。普拉斯蛋白石与普拉派蛋白石相似,但色调较浅。
  • Chrysopal。普拉斯蛋白石与普拉斯蛋白石类似,但具有金绿色。
  • 克拉罗蛋白石来自墨西哥的透明珍贵蛋白石,具有强烈的红色,绿色,蓝色和黄色色彩。
  • 普通蛋白石任何蛋白石缺乏色彩的游戏。
  • Contra Luz蛋白石珍贵的蛋白石,只有当光源在石头后面时才能看到色彩的游戏。
  • Coober Pedy蛋白石来自南澳大利亚Coober Pedy的高品质宝贝蛋白石。
  • 水晶蛋白石。透明至半透明的宝石蛋白石,在石材表面和内部可以看到颜色的游戏。
  • 黑蛋白石黑蛋白石的同义词
  • 硅藻土。硅藻的微观代替蛋白石(微观生物体的类型)聚集在一起。它是白色,不透明和粉质的纹理。 Tripolite,富勒地球和硅藻糖蛋白石的同义词。
  • 埃塞俄比亚蛋白石形式由Welo和Gondar组成,新发现的蛋白石领域直接来自蛋白石批发商和矿工
  • 火蛋白石火蛋白石不正确地用于描述宝石蛋白石或蛋白石与彩色玩法。火蛋白石的真正定义是蛋白石,橙色至红色。如果火蛋白石显示颜色的游戏,那么它就被称为珍贵的火蛋白石。
  • 火焰蛋白石珍贵的蛋白石,其中的颜色包括红色条纹或条纹,当石头旋转时闪烁像火焰。
  • 闪光蛋白石珍贵的蛋白石与大石榴石突然出现和消失,因为石头旋转。
  • 火焰蛋白石Flash Opal的同义词(上)
  • 化石蛋白石有机质的蛋白石假象,如壳,骨,和树木。
  • 自由形式。一种天然形状的蛋白石 - 不是椭圆形或圆形的东西。
  • 的Gelite。作为辅助矿物的蛋白石(或玉髓)作为砂岩或其他胶结岩石碎片的粘合剂。
  • 硅华。蛋黄石由沉积热水弹簧形成。也被称为珍珠岩,闪电,或喷泉蛋白石。参见Amatite。
  • 吉尔森蛋白石合成蛋白石。
  • 吉拉索尔。黄色或橙色各种珍贵的蛋白石,其中的颜色似乎跟随太阳,因为石头旋转。
  • 玻璃蛋白石Hyalite的同义词
  • 金蛋白石普通蛋白石与金色的色调。
  • Gondor埃塞俄比亚的Gondor蛋白石
  • 丑角蛋白石珍贵的蛋白石,其颜色的演奏以一致的丑角,菱形或矩形图案排列,非常生动。丑角蛋白石是蛋白石最稀有和最珍贵的形式之一。
  • 亲爱的蛋白石透明至半透明蛋白石,橙色至橙棕色,蜂蜜色背景。它可能或可能不显示颜色的播放。
  • 匈牙利蛋白石来自欧洲的任何宝贝蛋白石。然而,现在这个术语通常指的是任何白蛋白石,无论它在哪里发现。
  • 风信子蛋白石Girasol的同义词
  • Hyalite。无色,朦胧蓝色或天蓝色透明品种的普通蛋白石。通常形成葡萄糖体积以及奇怪和不寻常的形式。所有的Hyalite都发出绿色荧光。
  • Hydrophane。白色,不透明,高度多孔的蛋白石,当放在水中时,可以让水渗透入水中。这样,石头在水中变得透明,几乎看不见。
  • Iridot。古老的名字给了蛋白石一段时间,当Opal有声望导致运气不好。
  • Isopyre。不透明的,深红色的蛋白石形式。 Isopyre曾被认为是一种单独的矿物。
  • 碧玉蛋白石其中胶结材料为欧泊石材。
  • 果冻蛋白石透明的宝石蛋白石,凝胶状外观和蓝色光泽。果冻蛋白石也可以指无色透明普通蛋白石。
  • Lechosos蛋白石宝石蛋白石与乳白色背景颜色显示出强烈的色彩。也可以参考蛋白石与强烈的绿色席勒。
  • 柠檬蛋白石普通蛋黄石,柠檬黄色。
  • 莱文蛋白石珍贵的蛋白石,长而薄,闪电般的闪光。
  • 轻蛋白石白蛋白石的同义词
  • 闪电岭蛋白石。澳大利亚新南威尔斯州闪电岭的蛋白石。虽然在那里发现了不同形式的蛋白石,但这个术语通常代表了那里发现的高质量的黑蛋白石。
  • 蜡烛蛋白石木蛋白石,原始的树结构非常明显。
  • 肝蛋白石Menilite的同义词(下)
  • Menilite。普通蛋白石不透明,灰棕色。也被称为肝蛋白石。
  • 墨西哥火蛋白石来自墨西哥的透明蛋白石的形式,通常为橙色或红色,非常需要作为宝石。虽然科学地被认为是普通的蛋白石,但它是相当罕见和追捧的。如果它表现出色彩的戏剧,它被称为珍贵的火蛋白石。
  • 牛奶蛋白石蛋白石与乳白色的颜色。是否存在乳白蛋白石名称为乳白色普通蛋白石或乳白色珍贵蛋白石的争议。
  • 莫斯蛋白石普通蛋白石含有类似苔藓的夹杂物。
  • 蛋白石母亲。宝石蛋白石,色泽斑点充满砂岩或铁石孔。
  • 珍珠蛋白石母亲。带状蛋白石用作浮标。
  • 山蛋白石。蛋白石从火成环境。也被称为火山蛋白石。
  • Neslite。普通蛋白石类似于Menilite,但颜色较深灰色。它曾经是剑手柄的受欢迎的材料。
  • 内华达蛋白石来自内华达维尔京谷(Humboldt Co.)的蛋白石。
  • 玛瑙蛋白石普通蛋白石类似带状的玛瑙。
  • 蛋白石矩阵主岩上的珍贵蛋白石薄层。小石块用于珠宝首饰。
  • 乳白色的。 Opaline是Opal Matrix(上文)的代名词,但也是用于描述澳大利亚蛋白石的古老术语。
  • Opalite。蛋白石有很多内涵。它可能指的是不透明的蛋白石Myrickite黑色玻璃。具有黑色夹杂物的黄绿色普通蛋白石,由树脂制成的仿Opal
  • 蛋白石骨。骨蛋白石的同义词
  • 蛋白石化石。化石蛋白石的同义词
  • 蛋白石壳。壳牌Opal的同义词
  • 白葡萄酒木蛋白石的同义词
  • 被绘的巨石。砂岩石块与珍贵的蛋白石涂层。当用于珠宝时,这个术语是Opal Matrix的代名词。
  • 包。收集任何数量的蛋白石,粗糙,擦拭或切割,提供出售。
  • 珍珠蛋白石Tabasheer的同义词
  • 菠萝蛋白石Ikaite后的蛋白石伪像,类似菠萝。它只发现在澳大利亚的白色悬崖(新南威尔士州)。伪矿物最初被认为是芒硝,但现在的研究证明它是伊卡伊特(Ikaite)。
  • Pinfire蛋白石宝石蛋白石具有非常小的针尖大小的彩色闪光。
  • 精准蛋白石澳大利亚同义词Pinfire Opal
  • 管蛋白石蛋白石形成为岩石中长,圆柱形腔的填充物。管蛋白石的尺寸范围从几英寸到几英尺。
  • 推荐蛋白石黄色至棕色普通蛋白石,色调翩翩。
  • Potch。澳大利亚普通蛋白石术语。
  • Prase蛋白石普通蛋白石绿色至深绿色。
  • 贵火蛋白石火蛋白石显示彩色的戏剧。
  • 宝贝蛋白石任何蛋白石表现出色彩。
  • 最佳蛋白石。蛋白石母亲的同义词
  • Pyrophane。珍贵的蛋白石,其中颜色漫游的游戏随机重新出现。这个术语有时不正确地用于描述Girasol。
  • 昆士兰蛋白石博尔德蛋白石的同义词
  • 昆虫蛋白石玫瑰到粉红色的蛋白石。它通常没有颜色的播放,但是显示彩色播放的几个例子是已知的。 Quinzite蛋白石是Quinzite,Quincite,Quincite蛋白石和玫瑰蛋黄石的代名词。
  • 镭射蛋白石由被称为放射性的单细胞海洋生物的外骨骼的夹杂物引起的黑烟褐色的普通蛋白石。也可以叫无线电蛋白石。
  • 彩虹蛋白石珍贵的蛋白石,其中彩色的戏剧在弯曲的乐队中看到,有点像彩虹。
  • 红色闪光蛋白石宝石蛋白石与红色闪烁,随着石头旋转而迅速出现和消失。
  • 树脂蛋白石普通蛋黄石,具有黄棕色和树脂光泽。
  • 色带。颜色运行条纹的蛋白石图案类型。
  • 粗。蛋白石在其自然状态;当它从地面出来。
  • Rumanite。蛋白石罗马尼亚。
  • Seam蛋白石在岩石的接缝或大的裂缝中发现蛋白石。也可以具体指白色普通蛋白石的大量白色蛋白石,
  • 半黑蛋白石身体色调低于N4灰色的照明棱蛋白石。
  • Semiopal。术语有时用于描述任何类型的普通蛋白石,但很多时候暗示了普通蛋白石的特定形式,如蜡蛋白石,普罗派蛋白石等。硫酸盐也被称为半蛋白石,是半蛋白石的代名词。
  • 壳蛋白石贝壳后的蛋白石伪像。
  • Slocum石头。一个合成的蛋白石。也称为Slocum蛋白石。
  • 太阳蛋白石描述几种类型的蛋白石的名称。可以参考火蛋白石,墨西哥火蛋白石,蜂蜜蛋白石或琥珀蛋白石。
  • Sunflash。蛋白石仅在明亮时才从某些角度显示颜色。
  • Tabasheer。蛋白石作为有机产品发生。它通过硬化从某些竹子发出的分泌物形成,形成多孔的,圆形的蛋白石块。
  • 维尔京谷蛋白石。来自内华达维尔京谷(Humboldt Co.)的蛋白石。
  • 洗蛋白石水磨石蛋白石卵石从冲积矿床。
  • 水蛋白石果冻蛋白石的同义词
  • 蜡蛋白石黄色至棕色普通蛋白石,具有蜡质光泽。
  • 来自Wello Etyhiopia的Welo蛋白石
  • 白崖蛋白石来自澳大利亚新南威尔斯州白色悬崖的蛋白石
  • 白蛋白石宝石蛋白石,具有浅色身材(白色,黄色,奶油等)。与黑蛋白石区分开来,它具有深色背景色。
  • 木蛋白石任何蛋白石,在树木之后形成伪像,并保留木材的原始形状和外观。木蛋白石可以指普通蛋白石和宝石蛋白石,但通常是指普通蛋白石的大块。
  • 鸭嘴豆澳大利亚Yowah(昆士兰州)的小型,圆形的Boulder蛋白石,镶嵌在铁矿石中的结节。与博尔德蛋白石密切相关,它最常发生为核桃大小的铁石结节,含有生动的宝石蛋白石的口袋,脉管或洒水。

歹徒是蛋白石小偷

蛋白石术语词汇表

  • 非晶。无形。不由晶体组成。非结晶。玻璃是无定形的。糖是结晶的。
  • 偏转。从直线弯曲光线。
  • 衍射。将一束光线分解成一系列光线和暗色带,或将光谱分成彩色带。
  • 扩散。展开以覆盖更大的空间或表面。分散
  • 荧光。由气体或蒸汽的电刺激产生的光。荧光灯对蛋白石具有类似的效果,如同一个明亮的阴天,它们不能正确地带出蛋白石的颜色。
  • 水合物。当某些物质与水结合时产生的化合物。
  • 白炽灯。发光(红色或白热),如发亮白色的灯泡,但会产生更加模仿自然阳光的光线。阳光和白炽灯带出蛋白石的天然色彩。
  • 蛋白石。蛋白石来自拉丁语opalus,这意味着看到颜色的变化。在化学上,蛋白石是水合二氧化硅,类似于石英。
  • 乳光。一种类似于蛋白石不透明度的颜色的游戏。不允许光线通过。透明的相反。
  • 玩彩色颜色变化的蛋白石的方式在不同的方向倾斜。
  • 二氧化硅。 (二氧化硅)石英形式的硬质,白色或无色物质进入许多岩石的组成,并包含在海绵和某些植物中。一只雌性蚊子的针头由二氧化硅制成。火石,砂,玉髓和蛋白石是不同形式的二氧化硅的实例。
  • 光谱。当白光束通过棱镜或通过其他方式(例如彩虹的情况下的雾或喷雾)时形成的颜色带。全色谱的颜色是:红,橙,黄,绿蓝,靛蓝和紫罗兰。
  • 领域。圆形三维几何形状,其表面在距离中心点的所有点处相等。
  • 半透明。让光透过而不透明。
  • 透明。轻松透过。 (玻璃像)

一般词汇表

  • 无定形 - 没有确定的形式。
  • 黑蛋白石 - 仅在澳大利亚发现的矿物蛋白石稀有形式。
  • Cabochon - 一种宝石或珠子,以凸形形式切割,高度抛光但不刻面。此外,这种切割风格。
  • 龟裂 - 表面上有微小裂纹。
  • 水晶蛋白石 - 透明透明。由于其色彩的辉煌而高度重视,而且也可以看到石头内的许多层色的事实。
  • 结晶 - 由晶体组成或类似晶体。
  • 方向 - 蛋白石值的量度。
  • 掺杂 - 通过粘合剂蜡将宝石连接到木制延伸部分,以便更轻松地抛光或刻面石头。
  • Doublet - 由两层蛋白石和黑曜石或铁石组成的蛋白石宝石。
  • 火(或火焰) - 衡量蛋白石的颜色或虹彩。
  • 火蛋白石 - 主要在墨西哥发现的半透明或透明矿物蛋白石。
  • 地热 - 与地球内部的热量有关。
  • 莫氏比例 - 矿物的硬度,其中1表示滑石的硬度和10(有时为15),表示金刚石的硬度。
  • 有机蛋白石 - 由有机材料如木材或贝壳化学石化形成的蛋白石。
  • Potch - 天然蛋白石上的硬壳矿物涂层。
  • 石英 - 发生在晶体或结晶团中的矿物SiO2,二氧化硅。
  • 二氧化硅 - 发生在结晶或无定形团块中的矿物SiO2,二氧化硅。
  • 合成蛋白石 - 人造宝石蛋白石。
  • Triplet - 由三层组成的蛋白石宝石:透明石英,蛋白石和黑曜石或铁石。
  • 白蛋白石 - 通常形式的宝石优质蛋白石,通常白色或乳白色的颜色与明亮的闪光闪光。

矿工使用的蛋白石使用条款

  • 搅拌机。用于从珍贵的蛋白石清洗污垢的改性水泥搅拌机(见上图)
  • 鼓风机。一个大型卡车安装的吸尘器,用于吸附污垢到表面。
  • 驾驶。水平地下隧道。
  • 挖出。我慢慢地选择一个选择,现在通常只有当蛋白石被知道存在时。
  • 提升。连接在轴上的框架上的铲斗,用于将污物运送到表面。
  • 水平。通常蛋白石层有污垢。
  • Muggie。一种廉价的实心蛋白石,颜色或亮度很小。
  • 麻木堆由矿工在表面上倾倒的蛋白石污垢的土地。
  • 诺比。蛋白石的结节几乎完全来自闪电岭。
  • Puddler。搅拌器的先驱者,网鼓。
  • Ratter / ratting。从别人的我的小偷/窃贼(严重罪行)。
  • 磨。最初用废料/砂除去但尚未切割和抛光的蛋白石碎片。
  • 奔行。旋转筛网将蛋白石从污垢中分离,现在被搅拌器取代。
  • 轴。一个垂直的洞到矿井。
  • 固体。天然的固体蛋白石切成石头。
  • 散斑。搜索废弃的蛋白石污垢堆 - 也称为noodling。
  • 尾巴通过尾矿搜索。
  • 尾矿。离开矿物的蛋白石污垢后留下的物料已经洗了。
  • 坦克。搅拌器所在的水坝。
  • 卷扬机。起重机手动装置的先驱者,通过围绕带有手柄的滚筒的电缆将水桶的蛋白石污垢提升到表面。
此文本是机器翻译的。 显示原始图片?

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